The Black Panther Party, founded by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale, was an organization whose goal, like former reform leaders such as ML King and Malcom X, was to gain the freedom from racist oppression given by the white people to the black community. Though different from ML King’s approach of non-violent, the Black Panther’s somewhat violent tactic seemed to have made impression on the 1960s society. They were a dynamic group of African Americans whose call for a long awaited revolution screamed “by any means necessary, even guns”.
Fred Hampton, a former NAACP Youth Organizer, was the chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party in Chicago. While the FBI sought to discredit him by claiming he used drugs, etc., they found no valid evidence that would back up their stories. On of the most influential Black Panthers members, he was described as a 21 yr old man whose words could not not move a person. During an FBI raid in Hampton’s apartment, he and Mark Clark, another leader, were shot dead.
COINTELPRO was a counterintelligence program of the FBI that emerged after political activists broke into the FBI and stole FBI operations against US Citizens and Civil Rights organizations.